The wage gap is caused by outdated societal attitudes and beliefs about the place and value of women in the workplace and the behaviours these attitudes and beliefs foster.
Contributors to the wage gap are:
1. The balancing of work and family responsibilities of working women
Because of family responsibilities, due to family needs, women will take jobs that do not compete with family or work fewer hours than men; or, women cannot commit to the overtime hours, travel or relocation often required for career growth;
2. The job/industry clustering of working women
More than one third of New Brunswick's working women are clustered in only 10 job classifications. Many of these jobs use skills that women traditionally use at home (e.g. nursing, teaching, serving, child care, cooking, cleaning).
3. The under-valuation of traditional female occupations
The under-valuation of traditional female jobs contributes to the wage gap. In many cases, women's work is paid less than men's work of equal value.