Lower your risk of sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections (STBBI)
Individuals who are sexually active should:
- Limit the number of sexual partners and avoid sex with people whose sexual history is unknown.
- Always use condoms when having sex (vaginal, oral, or anal). A dental dam (a sheet of latex) or a male condom cut open should be used for oral sex.
- Avoid the use of alcohol and other drugs that might cloud thinking and lead to high-risk behavior.
- Get tested for Sexually Transmitted and Blood Borne Infections (STBBI).
- Talk to your healthcare provider about the hepatitis B and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccines.
Individuals who inject drugs should:
- Not share needles or injection drug equipment with others.
- Use only clean needles and equipment.
- Contact your nearest needle exchange service to get new needles and other drug use equipment or to find out how to dispose of used needles.
To protect yourself against blood borne infections:
- Never share needles or other drug use equipment.
- Be cautious about body piercings, tattoos and acupuncture. Make sure single-use, disposable needles are used and that all other equipment is disinfected and sterile;
- If you are likely to be in contact with blood or other body fluids in your work take appropriate precautions, such as wearing latex gloves.
If you are diagnosed and treated for an STBBI, be sure to follow your healthcare professional's treatment and follow-up recommendations.