Frequently Asked Questions
- How do I obtain a prospecting licence?
- How do I pay?
- How do I get a Mining Lease in New Brunswick?
- What do I need a Mining Lease for?
- How do I find out about financial incentive programs for prospectors or Junior Mining companies?
- A company is exploring for oil and natural gas in our area, do I own the oil and natural gas under my one hundred acre farm?
- How long does it take to permit a mine?
- How is the removal of Quarriable Substances (sand, gravel, bedrock, etc.) from Crown Land regulated within the Province?
- Do I need a permit or authorization before I can remove quarriable substances from pits and quarries located on Crown Land?
- How do I apply for a quarry permit?
- Do I pay royalty on the quarriable substances I remove?
- Where can I obtain information regarding pit and quarry locations on Crown Land?
Questions and Answers
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Applicants are required to print their licence and sign it to validate it. Please note, that if, you already have a prospecting licence and you have received your User Name and Password from the Recorder’s office prior to application launch, you do not need to apply for another one via NB e-CLAIMS. Your prospecting licence will be activated as soon as you log in to the application. If you have not received your User Name and Password from the Recorder’s office, please call 506-453-3826 or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org and your request will be dealt with promptly.
You must contact the Minister of Energy and Resource Development by letter requesting a mining lease for a specific area. The Minister will reply detailing what would be required before issuance of the lease. The essential requirements are a feasibility study, mine and reclamation plan and reclamation security. These would be reviewed through the Mine Approval Process by DEM and the Standing Committee on Mining and the Environment. The mine and reclamation plan is also submitted to EIA registration and review. After approval, a survey by a New Brunswick land surveyor is required upon which two original copies of the lease is forwarded to the company for signature and payment of first year rental and submission of the security. The two copies of the lease are returned to the Minister for signing and one copy then returned back to the company.
A mining lease is required to extract any mineral in the province (as defined in the Mining Act) not including extraction of: sand, gravel, ordinary stone, clay or soil unless it is to be used for its chemical or special physical properties, or where it is taken for contained minerals; peat or peat moss; bituminous shale, oil shale, or albertite; and oil or natural gas.
Minerals Exploration Assistance Program Coordinator
PO Box 6000
Fredericton NB E3B 5H1
Tel: (506) 453-3826 Fax: (506) 453-3671
Mine Approval in New Brunswick can typically take two months to one year depending on the complexity of the proposed mine operation and environmental issues and depending on the preparation of submissions to be reviewed. The Standing Committee on Mining on the Environment offers a one-window approach to mine approvals and facilitates reviews and approvals amongst different government agencies.
The Minister of Energy and Resource Development controls the extraction of quarriable substances from Crown Land and that area of the shore that lies within three hundred metres above and three hundred metres below the ordinary high water mark through the Quarriable Substances Act and Regulation 93-92.