According to 2006 census data, New Brunswick has a total population of 729,997.
Saint John is the largest city in the province, with a population of 68,043; it is also the province's oldest city. Moncton is home to 64,128 people, while Fredericton, the provincial capital, has a population of 50,535. Bathurst’s population is 12,714, Edmundston's 16,643 and Campbellton's 7,384.
Miramichi, established on Jan. 1, 1995, is comprised of several communities in the Chatham and Newcastle areas, and boasts a population of 18,129. Dieppe became the eighth New Brunswick city on Jan 1, 2003. Dieppe’s population in 2006 was 18,565.
New Brunswick is Canada’s only official bilingual province. About 33 per cent of the population is French-speaking.
Canada officially uses the International System of Measurements (Système International d'Unités or SI), or the metric system. New Brunswick officially adopted metric units for provincial government use with the Metric Conversion Act of 1977.
Imperial and US-standard units (feet, pounds, ounces) often persist in general use, chiefly in relation to personal height and weight, sale of produce and meat/poultry, in cooking (measures and oven temperature), building and construction measures, and traditional drink measures such as a pint of beer or ounce of spirits.
In New Brunswick as in all of Canada, temperatures are given in degrees Celsius rather than Fahrenheit. Distances are expressed in kilometres and metres;
- Fahrenheit -13 0 23 32 50 70 75 81 86 100
- Celsius -25 -18 -5 0 10 21 24 27 30 37
- A kilogram (kg) weighs 2.2 pounds; one pound is approximately 454 grams (g).
- Gasoline and other fuels are sold in litres; other liquids in litres and millilitres (ml).
- One litre (l) equals 0.264 US gallons and 0.219 Imperial gallons.
- One US gallon is approximately 3.78
- A kilometre (km) is 0.62 miles; one mile is 1.6 kilometres.
- A metre (m) is 39.37 inches; an inch is 2.54 centimetres (cm).
- Mph 15 25 30 37 50 55 62 68 75 80
- Km/h 25 40 50 60 80 90 100 110 120 30
- New Year's Day - January 1
- Good Friday - First Friday after the full moon that occurs on or after March 21st
- Easter Monday -First Monday after Good Friday
- Victoria Day - Third Monday in May
Canada Day - July 1
- New Brunswick Day - First Monday in August
- Labour Day - First Monday in September
- Thanksgiving Day - Second Monday in October
- Remembrance Day - November 11
- Christmas Day - December 25
- Boxing Day - December 26