Introduction to Grounds of Discrimination
The Act protects people from discrimination and harassment based on 16 grounds, with separate provisions for sexual harassment and reprisal. A complaint of discrimination may be based on one or more of these grounds. The following are not legal definitions; they are descriptions to help you make your complaint. For more information contact us at 1-888-471-2233.
Gender identity or expression has two components:
- Gender identity is each person’s internal and individual experience of gender. It is a person’s sense of being a woman, a man, both, neither, or anywhere along the gender spectrum. A person’s gender identity may be the same as or different from their birth-assigned sex.
- Gender expression is how a person publicly expresses or presents their gender. This can include behaviour and outward appearance such as dress, hair, make-up, body language and voice. A person’s chosen name and pronoun are also common ways of expressing gender.
Also, if a termination of employment or refusal to employ is based on the rules of a retirement or pension plan or because of the rules of a group or employee insurance plan, then age may be considered.
Sexual harassment means making harassing comments or conduct of a sexual nature that is known or may be seen to be unwelcome.
Reprisal applies to situations where a person is being retaliated and/or discriminated against because they have made a complaint to the Commission or have given evidence or helped in any other way in a complaint filed with the Commission.
NOTE: Reprisal complaints are filed on a special Reprisal Complaint Form.
Please contact us at 1-888-471-2233 if you feel you have a case of reprisal discrimination.