Human settlement in the area we now call New Brunswick has been traced back at least 11,000 years. Numerous artefacts, structures, habitation sites, and vessels of transportation have been discovered which help document the story from the first appearance of aboriginal communities to the more recent era of European colonization. Though much is already known about our past, it’s also recognized that extensive heritage resources remain to be discovered throughout NB.
Archaeological field research is defined under the Heritage Conservation Act as any activity carried out for the purpose of obtaining and documenting archaeological information, including excavation and/or removal of objects. This type of research is also frequently undertaken prior to development activities to uncover previously unknown archaeological artefacts and other important evidence of our history. Meticulous observation, collection, preservation and recording techniques are a necessary part of field research to ensure no valuable information is lost in the process.
Archaeological field research can only be undertaken when expressly authorized by the Minister of the Department of Wellness, Culture and Sport.