Government of New Brunswick

Human settlement in the area we now call New Brunswick has been traced back at least 11,000 years. Numerous artefacts, structures, habitation sites, and vessels of transportation have been discovered which help document the story from the first appearance of aboriginal communities to the more recent era of European colonization. Though much is already known about our past, it’s also recognized that extensive heritage resources remain to be discovered throughout NB.

Archaeological field research is defined under the Heritage Conservation Act as any activity carried out for the purpose of obtaining and documenting archaeological information, including excavation and/or removal of objects. This type of research is also frequently undertaken prior to development activities to uncover previously unknown archaeological artefacts and other important evidence of our history.  Meticulous observation, collection, preservation and recording techniques are a necessary part of field research to ensure no valuable information is lost in the process.

Archaeological field research can only be undertaken when expressly authorized by the Minister of the Department of Tourism, Heritage and Culture.


Professional Archaeological Research

Professional archaeologists, or those with appropriate academic training and experience who wish to conduct research, are required to submit an application for a permit containing a detailed description of their proposal, and their qualifications for carrying it out.


Amateur Archaeological Research

Those who are not considered professionals, but wish to explore heritage sites and gather information, may apply for amateur research permits providing they can demonstrate a basic understanding of archaeology as well as proper knowledge of the collection and reporting techniques required. 

Enquiries on all aspects of archaeological research, and archaeology in general, are welcome at the Heritage Branch of the Department of Tourism, Heritage and Culture.