Government of New Brunswick

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses. Some cause respiratory illness in people, ranging from mild common colds to severe illnesses. Others cause illness in animals. Rarely, animal coronaviruses can infect people then spread from person to person through close contact.

Novel coronaviruses are new strains of the virus that have not been previously identified in humans.

This strain of coronavirus (COVID-19) does not appear to be as severe as other coronaviruses, such as SARS. Many patients have reported only mild symptoms. There is evidence of person-to-person spread.

Frequently Asked Questions 

 

 

How it's transmitted


At this time, it appears the virus is transmitted by larger droplets, like from a cough or sneeze. Current evidence indicates it is not airborne through long distances or times.

There is no evidence that it's capable of being transmitted by imported goods.
 

 

Wearing medical masks


  • Masks can be very important in certain situations. When sick, wearing a mask helps prevent us from passing illnesses on to other people. This is why we ask people who have a cough or respiratory symptoms to wear a mask and wash their hands when visiting an emergency department or clinic. The WHO recommends medical masks in these settings, if used properly.
  • If you are healthy, medical masks are not recommended as they don't provide full protection and can create a false sense of security.

 

Symptoms


Symptoms for the novel coronavirus are similar to those for influenza or other respiratory illnesses. They can range from mild to moderate and include:

  • fever
  • cough
  • a general feeling of being unwell


Most cases have reported mild symptoms. However, there is a risk of severe illness that may result pneumonia, respiratory failure, kidney failure, or even death.

 

 

Treatment


For now, there is no specific vaccines for the (COVID-19) infection.

Most people infected with common respiratory viruses will recover on their own, but some may receive supportive care to help relieve symptoms. Your health care provider may recommend ways to relieve your specific symptoms.

 

Testing

The incubation period for COVID-19 is fourteen days.  If you were exposed to the virus and you are going to develop symptoms, it will happen within the incubation period.

Testing symptomatic individuals has clear clinical and public health value. Laboratory testing of symptomatic individuals can confirm or rule out infection.

If you are tested too early, when you do not have symptoms, your immune system may not have time to create antibodies.  Testing individuals without symptoms could mean a potentially false negative test result.  Testing when there are no symptoms will not tell you if you have COVID-19 and can not be used to ‘clear’ you to return to work or school