In New Brunswick, as in the rest of Canada, people are protected by law from many types of discrimination. This law is the New Brunswick Human Rights Act. The New Brunswick Human Rights Commission enforces that law.
The Human Rights Commission is a provincial government agency. It promotes equality and investigates and tries to settle complaints of discrimination and harassment. If a complaint cannot be settled, a human rights tribunal can hear the evidence. If it decides that there was discrimination, it can issue orders to correct it.
The Commission also works to prevent discrimination by promoting human rights and offering educational opportunities to employers, service providers and the general public.
The Human Rights Act is a provincial law that prohibits discrimination and harassment in:
- Public services for example schools, stores, motels, hospitals, police and most government services
- Publicity, and
- Certain associations
The prohibited grounds of discrimination are:
- National origin
- Place of origin
- Creed or religion
- Marital status
- Family Status
- Sex (including pregnancy)
- Sexual orientation
- Gender identity or expression
- Physical disability
- Mental disability
- Social condition, which includes source of income, level of education and occupation, and
- Political belief or activity
There are also separate provisions for sexual harassment and reprisal.
If you think you are being discriminated against or harassed based on the prohibited grounds listed above you can file a complaint with the Human Rights Commission. You do not need to be a citizen or landed immigrant. It does not cost anything, and it is illegal for someone to penalize you because you file a complaint.