Canada’s two official languages, English and French, are a fundamental characteristic of Canadian identity. Recognition for the equal status of English and French in Canada dates back to Confederation when the Constitution Act of 1867 recognized the use of both languages in Parliament and in federal courts.
Status for the two languages was reinforced by the first Official Languages Act of 1969 and the 1982 Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (the Charter), which declared English and French as Canada’s official languages and provided for their equality of status in Parliament and in the Government of Canada. The Act was revised in 1988.
European explorers began to visit New Brunswick in the early 1600s making English and French part of New Brunswick`s culture and history. New Brunswick adopted the Official Languages of New Brunswick Act (OLNBA) in 1969, a few months before the federal government enacted its own Official Languages Act.