Government of New Brunswick

Interprovincial Migration: Movement from one province or territory involving a permanent change in residence.

International Migration: Movement of population between Canada and a foreign country that involves a change in the usual place of residence. A distinction is made with regard to immigrants, emigrants, returning emigrants, net temporary emigrants and net non-permanent residents.

Immigrant: Refers to landed immigrant. A landed immigrant is a person who does not have Canadian citizenship but was granted the right by immigration authorities to live in Canada on a permanent basis.

Emigrant: Canadian citizen or immigrant who has left Canada to establish a permanent residence in another country.

Returning Emigrant: Canadian citizen or immigrant having previously emigrated from Canada and who subsequently returned to the country.

Temporary Emigrant: Canadian citizen or immigrant living temporarily abroad who has not maintained a usual place of residence in Canada.

Total Emigrants: Prior to 1996, the number of total emigrants is obtained by subtracting the number of returning emigrants from the number of permanent emigrants. After 1996, changes in the number of persons temporarily abroad are also taken into account.

Non-permanent Residents: Refers to persons who hold a study permit, a work permit, a minister's permit or who are claiming refugee status. It also includes their non-Canadian born dependants living in Canada.

Residual Deviation: Obtained by distributing the closure error linearly throughout the intercensal period. The "error of closure" is defined as the difference between the enumerated population of the most recent census (after adjustments for census coverage error) and the most current set of postcensal population estimate (for census day).

Total Growth: Change in population size from one date to another.