Q4. What is Fish NB Days?
A. Twice a year, NBers are encouraged to get out and try fishing or ice fishing. An angling licence is not required for residents or non-residents on Fish NB Days unless the angler wishes to retain landlocked salmon (48 to 63 cm fork length).
Fish NB Days generally occur on the first full weekend in June; and during the ice fishing season it takes place during the Family Day long weekend, only on those waters that are open to ice fishing.
To verify the dates, check your copy of the Fish Book – Summary of Regulations or the Department of Natural Resources and Energy Development’s website on Fish NB Days.
NOTE: All current bag limits, closures and other restrictions are still in effect on Fish NB Days. Access to private waters, Crown Reserve waters and Crown Leases requires the appropriate licences and landowner’s permission. Individuals whose angling privileges have been revoked cannot fish anywhere in the province on Fish NB Days.
Q5. What fish species are in New Brunswick and where can I find them?
A. There are over 50 species of fish in New Brunswick. Information on some species can be found by clicking on the Species Fact Sheets link on the Department’s Fish page under the General section.
A more comprehensive list, as well as pictures of each species, can be found at the University of New Brunswick’s/Canadian Rivers Institute’s Inland Fish Species of New Brunswick.
For information on where to find them, try contacting your local Fish & Game club or local fishing/tackle retailer.
Q6. Where is a good place to go fishing in my area?
A. Information on where to fish may best be obtained from local fishing forums/social media groups.
Q7. Where can I go ice fishing?
A. Consult the Ice Fishing Summary.
Q8. Where can I find information to plan a fishing trip.
A. For information on planning a fishing trip, check out the Department of Tourism, Heritage and Culture’s Fishing and Hunting webpage.
Q9. How do I find a Guide or Outfitter?
A. On the Fish page, look under the Guides & Day Adventures section at the bottom of the page. See the Hunting and Fishing Guides Directory for a list of guides. A list of Outfitters is available through the Department of Tourism.
Q10. Can I fish at night?
A. You can fish at night in tidal waters; however you cannot fish for sport fish or certain non-sport fish in some areas i.e. striped bass. For more information contact the Department of Fisheries and Oceans: Gulf Region Recreational Fisheries or Maritimes Region Recreational Fisheries.
In inland waters during the open water season you can fish beginning 2 hours before sunrise and ending 2 hours after sunset.
During ice fishing season you can fish 30 minutes before sunrise until 30 minutes after sunset.
Q11. Do I need a licence to fish in tidal water?
A. An angling licence is not required to fish in tidal waters unless a landlocked salmon ≥ 48 cm and ≤ 63 cm (fork length) is retained.
Q12. What can I use for bait?
A. Bait rules vary depending on the waterbody you are fishing:
- In inland waters of NB live fish cannot be used as bait. Dead bait may be used but cannot include bass, bullhead, sunfish, perch, other spiny rayed fish, chain pickerel, goldfish or other carp.
- In tidal waters of NB live fish may be used as bait provided they are found in NB waters. Neither live nor dead bait may include bass, bullhead, sunfish, perch, other spiny rayed fish, chain pickerel, goldfish or other carp.
- In boundary waters with Maine live fish may be used as bait if they were captured from the water being fished. Neither live nor dead bait may include bass, bullhead, sunfish, perch, other spiny rayed fish, chain pickerel, goldfish or other carp.
Q13. What’s the season for…
A. Fishing seasons vary by location and species. Consult the Fish Book – Summary of Regulations (available in hard copy at authorized vendors, Service New Brunswick (SNB) centres and all Department of Natural Resources and Energy Development offices) and choose the Recreational Fishery Area (RFA) of interest. You can also check out the Fishing Regulations Web Map or Fishing Regulations Mobile Map (found under Interactive Maps on the Fish page).
Q14. I found a tag on my fish. What should I do?
A. A tagged fish is usually part of a research project. If it is an Atlantic salmon or a striped bass with a Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) tag, please remove the tag and send it, along with the date and capture, to the address on the back of the tag:
Department of Fisheries and Oceans
PO Box 5030,
Moncton, NB E1C 9B6
You can also send the information and a photo of the tag by email to Fishtag@dfo-mpo.gc.ca
Be sure to include your name, address and phone number/email for contact purposes.
Anglers who return tags from Atlantic salmon will have their names entered in the North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization (NASCO) tag return incentive draw. Each year, a grand prize of US $2,500 is awarded as well as a US $1,500 prize for the North American area.
For other fish species, check the tag for instructions or for any contact information. If there is no information and it is a legally harvestable fish, it is at the angler’s discretion whether to harvest the fish or not. You may also provide the date, specifics and location of capture, as well as a picture if possible, to the Department of Natural Resources and Energy Development.
Q15. I caught a fish that has something wrong with it. What do I do with it?
A. If the fish can be legally harvested, feel free to retain it, preferably on ice, and contact the nearest Department of Natural Resources and Energy Development office as soon as possible. Otherwise, take some pictures of the fish.
Some common diseases and issues could be furunculosis, fungus, and/or small parasites commonly known as "Black spot” (also see NS’s pamphlet on Black spot) and “Yellow grub”.
Q16. Where can I get information about crayfish in NB?
A. Depending on the information you are looking for, check out these links: Species and Status Database and/or the Non-native Crayfish link under the Aquatic Invasive Species tab. As well, you can contact the NB Museum as the museum has been documenting and collecting information for many years about the location and species of crayfish in NB.
Q17. Is there an Adopt-A-Stream program in NB?
A. There is currently no provincial Adopt-A-Stream program; however, you could check with your local watershed organization.