Government of New Brunswick
White Christmas

Indicator: White Christmas probability (likelihood per decade)

What is happening?

On Christmas Day for the last fifty years, the amount of snow on the ground has been measured in six New Brunswick communities. Across much of New Brunswick, snow on the ground has been the norm.  For example, Christmases have almost always been white in Aroostook and Charlo since 1960. But in Fredericton, Miramichi, Moncton, and Saint John, the likelihood of having a white Christmas is declining. In these communities, white Christmases were more common in the 1960s-1980s than they are today. In the 2000s, the likelihood of having a white Christmas was 43% in Fredericton, and about 60% in Miramichi, Moncton and Saint John (compared to 100% in the 1960s).


Why is it important?

Most of us have grown up accustomed to having snow during the holiday season. Many of the activities that we enjoy during the holidays need snow, such as skiing, snowshoeing, snowmobiling, and sliding.


What is predicted to happen?

In the coming decades, we should expect to have fewer white Christmases. Winter temperatures in New Brunswick are expected to warm by 3-4 °C by 2050 relative to the 1961-1990 period.


Information sources

Environment Canada and Government of New Brunswick