Government of New Brunswick


Psychiatrists are medical doctors who have received specialized training in diagnosis and treatment of mental illness and emotional disorders.  They are trained to enhance a person's quality of life by providing psychiatric assessment, treatment and rehabilitation care to people with psychiatric disorders in order to prevent, reduce and eliminate the symptoms and subsequent disabilities resulting from mental illness or disorder. They also act as consultants for other physicians.  Psychiatrists may specialize in caring for people in particular age groups (e.g. children, the elderly) or in caring for people who suffer from particular types of disorders. 

An Exciting Field of Work

In general, Psychiatrists:

  • Conduct interviews and assess each patient individually
  • Diagnose mental illness, and emotional or behavioural disorders
  • Assist patients and their families in dealing with the illness
  • Treat disorders through medication and psychotherapy
  • Engage in medical research to further knowledge related to mental health
  • Speak to community groups and organizations about mental health issues
  • Visit patients in hospitals
  • Attend meetings with hospital or clinic staff to discuss treatment plans and progress
  • Serve on committees to promote and maintain mental health services and delivery systems in their communities
  • May also teach in university medical schools

Personal Characteristics / Skills

  • Patience, Kindness and compassion
  • A genuine interest in people and a desire to help them
  • Stamina required to work long hours
  • Emotional strength and maturity
  • Good understanding of their own personalities, strengths and weaknesses
  • Good communication skills
  • Ability to inspire trust

Education and Training

A Bachelor of Science and a Medical Doctor (MD) degree followed by an Psychiatric Residency Program is required.

Education program offered in New Brunswick

Medical Education programs are offered in New Brunswick by the following educational institutions:

Length of Study / Training

12.0 - 13.0 years

Licence and certification

To practice in New Brunswick, Psychiatrists must be licensed with the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New Brunswick.

Helpful High School Courses

  • Math
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics

Employment and Common Working Conditions

Psychiatrists work in a variety of settings, such as:

  • Hospitals including psychiatric hospitals
  • Mental Health Clinics
  • Private Offices
  • Medical Schools and Universities

Psychiatrists typically work long hours with most of their time spent in interviews and counselling sessions with patients. Although psychiatry is one of the healing professions, it can also be emotionally taxing. Some patients can be quite difficult to deal with, and occasionally even violent.

Employment Prospects - very GOOD

It is anticipated that there will continue to be a high demand for Psychiatrists du to our aging population and upcoming retirement.