Government of New Brunswick


Ophthalmologists are medical doctors who specialize in all aspects of eye health. They provide primary eye care services including eye exams and prescribe medications and perform surgical procedures, such as laser surgery and lens replacement.  Using both surgical and non-surgical techniques, ophthalmologists diagnose and manage eye diseases, conditions, and disorders, and treat and repair eye injuries. 

An Exciting Field of Work

In general, Ophthalmologists:

  • Diagnose and treat diseases and injuries of eyes
  • Examine patients for symptoms indicative of organic or congenital eye disorders, and determine nature and extent of the injury or disorder
  • Perform various tests to determine vision loss
  • Prescribe and administer medications.
  • Perform eye surgery, if indicated
  • Direct remedial activities to aid in regaining vision or to use remaining sight by writing prescriptions for corrective glasses, and instructing patient in eye exercises

Personal Characteristics / Skills

  • Excellent communication and interpersonal skills
  • Emotional strength and maturity
  • Good depth perception, manual dexterity and color vision
  • A compassionate and caring manner 
  • Patience, respect and empathy
  • Excellent listening skills and ability to instill confidence
  • Capacity and eagerness to learn new skills and information

Education and Training

A Bachelor of Science and a Medical Doctor (MD) degree followed by an Ophthalmology residency program is required.

Education program offered in New Brunswick

Medical Education programs are offered in New Brunswick by the following educational institutions:

Length of Study / Training

12.0 - 13.0 years

Licence and certification

To practice in New Brunswick, Ophthalmologists must be licensed with the College of Physicians and Surgeons of New Brunswick.

Helpful High School Courses

  • Math
  • Biology
  • Physics
  • Chemistry

Employment and Common Working Conditions

Ophthalmologists work in a variety of settings such as:

  • Private clinics or group practices
  • Hospitals
  • Universities and research facilities

Most Ophthalmologists split their time between the office, seeing patients and performing various non-surgical treatments, and the operating room. They are also sometimes on-call for emergencies at the hospital. Since they are dealing with patients who may be in jeopardy of losing their vision, this can be highly stressful and emotional for both the Ophthalmologist and patient.

Employment Prospects - GOOD

The demand for Ophthalmologists should continue to grow due to the vision care needs of a growing and aging population.