Government of New Brunswick


Lyme disease is an emerging tick-borne illness in New Brunswick and Canada. 

Lyme disease is an illness caused by  the bacterium Borrelia burgdorferi and is spread to people by the bite of infected blacklegged ticks. Typical symptoms include fever, headache, fatigue and a characteristic skin rash called erythema migrans. If left untreated, infection can spread to joints, the heart and the nervous system.  Lyme disease is diagnosed based on symptoms and the possibility of exposure to infected ticks.  Laboratory testing is helpful if used correctly and performed with validated methods.  Most cases of Lyme disease are treated successfully with a few weeks of antibiotics.

It is important to be active and play outside while ensuring you take precautions to avoid being bitten by blacklegged ticks.  Prevent tick bites, find and remove ticks promptly, reduce tick habitat, and if you are bitten by a tick, look for the early signs of Lyme disease and see your family physician. The ticks that transmit Lyme disease can occasionally transmit other tickborne diseases as well.