Government of New Brunswick
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ATVs & snowmobiles

It is illegal to carry a loaded firearm in or upon any vehicle including all-terrain vehicles and snowmobiles.


 

Deer, moose & bear

Hunters must use one of the following:

  • A centre-fire rifle of any calibre.
  • A shotgun with ball, slug or lead shot larger than size BB (including buckshot) or steel shot larger than size F.
  • A bow having a draw weight of not less than 20 kilograms together with arrows that are fitted with broadheads no less than 20 millimetres in width.
  • A muzzle-loading firearm.
  • Once the deer or bear tag has been removed from the licence, it is illegal to use:
    • A centre-fire rifle of .23 calibre or greater.
    • A shotgun with lead shot larger than size BB or steel shot larger than size F.
  • You cannot carry or use a firearm that has a rim-fire shell or cartridge while hunting moose.
 

Varmint licence

The holder of a varmint licence shall only hunt with one of the following:

  • A rim-fire or centre-fire rifle of less than .23 calibre.
  • A muzzle loader.
  • A shotgun with lead shot no larger than size BB or steel shot no larger than size F.
  • A bow.
 

Legal distance

  • It is illegal to discharge any rifle or shotgun within 200 metres of a dwelling, school, playground, athletic field, solid waste disposal site or place of business.
  • It is illegal to discharge a rimfire rifle, a centre-fire rifle, or shotgun loaded with ball or slug within 400 metres of a dwelling, school, playground, athletic field, solid waste disposal site or place of business.
  • It is illegal to discharge any bow within 100 metres of a dwelling, school, playground, athletic field, solid waste disposal site or place of business.

Buckshot is not considered “ball” or “slug” and can be discharged between 200 and 400 metres.


 

Transporting firearms

If you have a hunting licence, you can transport firearms (one firearm per moose licence holder in moose season) to and from camp during the following period:

  • Two days before season starts – until two days after season ends.

Each must be unloaded and:

  • In a case properly fastened.
  • Wrapped and securely tied in a blanket or canvas.

Or:

  • In the locked luggage compartment of your vehicle.
 

Cross bow

Beginning Sept. 1, 2011 crossbows may be used by certified hunters during all hunting seasons except for the deer archery season and for hunting migratory game birds. Proof of having taken bow hunter education training or a previous bow hunting licence must be provided at the time of your licence purchase.

 

 

Arrows

  • Arrowheads and arrow shafts cannot be barbed, coated with poison, equipped with rippers or designed to explode. 
  • Arrows tipped with small game field points may be used while hunting small game.