Wind and storm
The following actions are prudent at any time. Future climate predictions for New Brunswick suggest more winter rain events, and possibly more intense tropical cyclones (hurricanes) affecting the region.
- Check your house over for vulnerability to high winds and driving rain.
- Renew and repair your roof if it is in poor condition, replace loose shingles or other roofing materials.
- Renew or replace windows in poor condition.
- Repair weak or unstable brickwork especially chimneys.
- Remove or prune large trees. Branches in poor condition may threaten your property if brought down in a storm.
Rainstorm and freeze/thaw
Climate predictions indicate that winter freeze/thaw cycles will become more frequent, and more rainfall will occur in short, high-intensity storms, which cause greater erosion and runoff.
- Check for poor drainage around your house, damaged or blocked culverts or cracked foundations, Improve via landscaping and grading, installing drains and gullies, and diverting surface water away from house foundations.
- If you have a sump pump, check it regularly and consider a generator to maintain protection during power outages.
- Consider driveway and parking area surfaces that allow water infiltration, as opposed to asphalt.
Heat and drought stress
Climate predictions suggest hot (over 30C) and very hot days (over 35C) will occur more often in future. Water availability is likely to decline, due to higher evaporation.
- Plant a diverse range of plants for use in landscaping, use deep-rooted perennials, and avoid those that require extra watering.
- Promote some shade of south facing window areas using annual or deciduous plants such as vines, or install shade awnings, shutters, sails or blinds.
- Use lots of mulch on any cultivated areas to reduce the need for watering.
Climate predictions indicate water availability will be reduced in future, as runoff and evaporation both increase. Taking steps to reduce water use will reduce pressure on supplies.
- Install water-saving devices such as dual or low-flush toilets, tap aerators, and low flow shower heads.
- Upgrade your washing machine to a front-loader or high-efficiency model, wash full loads only.
- Wash cars using a bucket, not a hose.